How to check and fix VMFS metadata using vSphere On-disk Metadata Analyzer (VOMA)?

By | March 15, 2016

Recently I realized that vSphere 6.0 added one additional option for vSphere On-disk Metadata Analyzer(VOMA) - possibility to fix errors. How to check and fix VMFS metadata using vSphere On-disk Metadata Analyzer (VOMA) 4

 

VOMA is a tool (introduced in vSphere 5.1) to check metadata consistency of a file system (such as VMFS) or a logical volume backing the file system. The tool can be useful for the following occurs:

  • No access to files located on a VMFS.
  • Metadata errors in the vmkernel.log file - e.g:

    WARNING: Swap: vm 1086: 3586: Failed to initialize swap file '/volumes/4232e323-faa54323-6f45-001a530a2342/mule/mule-650e6040.vswp': Invalid metadata

  • Rebuilt RAIDand disk replacement.
  • SAN outage.

Before using VOMA, we need to be sure that:

  • All virtual machines on the affected datastore are powered off or migrated to another datastore.
  • For VMFS-5 datastores, the datastore needs to unmounted on all ESXi hosts. If you do not do it, you get a similar error:How to check and fix VMFS metadata using vSphere On-disk Metadata Analyzer (VOMA) 3
  • Datastore can not be built from multi extents.

In this post I will show how to use this tool to check metadata consistency of VMFS:

  1. At first we need to obtain the name and partition number of the device that backs the VMFS datastore by:

    esxcfg-scsidevs --vmfs

    How to check and fix VMFS metadata using vSphere On-disk Metadata Analyzer (VOMA)

  2. Run voma with the following options (you have to provide a partition number):

    voma -m vmfs -f check -d /vmfs/devices/disks/naa.xxx:y

    How to check and fix VMFS metadata using vSphere On-disk Metadata Analyzer (VOMA) 2

  3. If any errors are found, you should open a support case.

Note: In spite of possibility to use fix option, I recommend to consult VMware support before running VOMA with this option. For the latest information, please follow KB: 2036767

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